Bibliography: Misinformation (page 09 of 30)

This annotated bibliography is compiled and customized for the Alternative Facts website.  Some of the authors featured on this page include Atiek Zahrulianingdyah, Lauren Diepenbrok, Joyce Lindstrom, Amanda H. Goodall, Katherine D. Rasch, Christy Marie Taylor, Cheryl Crates, Helmut Langerbein, B. Denise Hawkins, and Heather Worsham.

Zahrulianingdyah, Atiek (2015). Reproductive Health Education Model in Early Childhood through Education Film "Damar Wulan", Journal of Education and Practice. Reproductive health education for early childhood it has been the time to teach, because the demand of the changing times and will affect the child's life when he/she is a teenager. During this time, the reproductive health education, which is in it there is sex education, considered taboo among some communities. They argue that the reproductive health education is not appropriate to be received by early childhood. The reason why the reproductive health education is important to do is 1) the children will grow up to be teenagers and they do not understand about the reproductive health education because their parents are still considered taboo to talk about it, so they feel not responsibility to the sex and the anatomy of reproductive health; 2) Because of child misunderstanding of the sex education or the reproductive health makes them vulnerable to the misinformation. The impact of this misunderstanding, causes negativity to the occurrence of sex outside of marriage, unwanted pregnancy, sexually transmitted diseases and so forth. Reproductive health education at schools is the complement of sex education at home. The role of schools in providing sex education should be understood as a complement of the knowledge from the home and other institutions are working hard to educate children about sexuality and it does not mean that the school takes a portion of the parents. Simple and easy Audio-visual learning media about sexual education is not available at schools of ECE (Early Childhood Education). By using this audio-visual the presentation of the theme content to the child will be more complete and optimal. The purposes of this research are to build reproductive health learning model for Early Childhood, that is started by conducting introduction research, designing conceptual model based on the factual model, the analysis of the community needs (parents, children, and teachers of ECE), the theory study and examining the relevant research results, then the model which is built tested the effectiveness, and the final purpose is to produce model and teaching material in the form of education film "DAMAR WULAN" for early childhood. The research design uses Research & Development (R & D) that adopts from the opinion of Borg & Gall. The result of the initial research can be concluded that the teacher has not specifically provided the reproductive health materials systematically, only limited development in the themes that are relevant to the reproductive health. The result of Focus Group Discussion of some experts of ECE, teachers of ECE, and the student parents agree in order to the Government immediately realizes the reproductive health education enters into the curriculum for Early Childhood (EC). This is in line with Permendiknas number 58 Year 2009 in which there is child health education.   [More]  Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Sex Education, Health Education, Sexuality

Jaworski, Beth K. (2009). Reproductive Justice and Media Framing: A Case-Study Analysis of Problematic Frames in the Popular Media, Sex Education: Sexuality, Society and Learning. Reproductive justice is an important and comprehensive conceptualization for understanding the complexity of reproductive issues faced by women. When considering attitudes and beliefs that give rise to policies related to reproduction, it is critical to examine the ways in which the issues are framed. In this case-study-style analysis, the problematic ways in which the popular media frame issues related to reproductive justice are explored. In both popular music and television series, reproduction is framed in ways that limit reproductive justice for women. Women who actively choose to use birth control are portrayed negatively, misinformation about condoms and access to reproductive healthcare is perpetuated, and stereotypes about women and reproduction are reinforced. Based upon these analyses, it is recommended that further systematic content analyses be performed in addition to experimental work on the effects of media framing on support (or lack of support) for policies related to reproductive justice. It is also suggested that different types of media related to women's reproduction might be used to help young men and women develop skills for critically deconstructing and reframing messages about sex and reproduction put forth by various forms of media.   [More]  Descriptors: Social Justice, Females, Pregnancy, Contraception

Sciscione, Patricia; Krause-Parello, Cheryl A. (2007). No-Nit Policies in Schools: Time for Change, Journal of School Nursing. No-nit policies that exist in many schools throughout the United States were established years ago based on fear and misinformation, rather than scientific evidence. Children who are found to have live lice are no more infectious on the day of diagnosis than they had been prior to the discovery. Transmission of head lice requires close personal contact, which is not common in the school setting. To date, no scientific literature exists to support the exclusion of children from school due to head lice infestation. Therefore, there is a need to develop updated school policies using research-based evidence to determine the best method of treating infestations while allowing children to remain in school.   [More]  Descriptors: Child Health, School Policy, Etiology, At Risk Persons

Troche-Rodriguez, Madeline (2009). Latinos and Their Housing Experiences in Metropolitan Chicago: Challenges and Recommendations, Harvard Journal of Hispanic Policy. Low Income;This article examines instances of housing discrimination against Latinos in the Chicago suburbs through several interviews with thirty-four Latino families who live in towns with a recent history of controversies around fair housing. Whether they are living in the central city or in the suburbs, Latinos continue to experience housing segregation. Latinos often move away from the central city and into suburban neighborhoods for a better life, but they continue to experience hardship in acquiring adequate housing conditions that meet their needs. This article explores different forms of housing discrimination through the use of exclusionary practices such as predatory lending, inconsistent and selective enforcement of strict housing codes, systematic misinformation about home-buying, anti-immigration sentiment, and urban renewal and revitalization. The results of these practices are illustrated in currently foreclosure rates among Latinos. These challenges and housing experiences are seen from the perspective of the families. Finally, policy recommendations are offered that promote fair, affordable and decent housing opportunities for Latinos and other low-income and minority groups in the region.   [More]  Descriptors: Neighborhoods, Housing Needs, Affirmative Action, Suburbs

Murphy, Carole H. (2009). Retiring in a Time of Economic Uncertainty, Academe. About 25 percent of faculty working in the United States will reportedly consider retiring in the next five to seven years. As one of this 25 percent, the author has been researching what she needs to know to retire. What she found initially was a lot of misinformation. To complicate matters, the world has changed over the past year, causing those teachers who are thinking about retirement to be very apprehensive. In this article, the author offers a strategy she developed that works for her and may help other faculty members who are retiring in a time of economic uncertainty. The author discusses how to make informed decisions about retirement and describes information she compiled from her financial services consultant, the Social Security Administration, the AARP, a university human resources officer, and representatives from the Texas state retirement system. The author selected a specific state as an example to describe an actual retirement system. State systems may, however, vary, and the information from Texas is meant as a general guideline.   [More]  Descriptors: Financial Services, Retirement, Economic Climate, Human Resources

Bigelow, Bill (2007). Rethinking the Line between Us, Educational Leadership. As a high school social studies teacher, the author provides his students with a curriculum that helps them think about immigration issues. He describes the instructional units that he has developed to address two key questions about U.S.-Mexican immigration: What is the origin of the U.S.-Mexico border? and Why are so many people today fleeing Mexico and coming to the United States? Because the traditional social studies curriculum in U.S. schools does not give accurate or detailed answers to these questions, the author believes that "we can't simply abandon young people to the stereotypes, biases, and historical misinformation that have become so much a part of the public discourse around immigration."   [More]  Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Immigration, Social Studies, International Relations

Goodall, Amanda H. (2009). Socrates in the Boardroom: Why Research Universities Should Be Led by Top Scholars, Princeton University Press. "Socrates in the Boardroom" argues that world-class scholars, not administrators, make the best leaders of research universities. Amanda Goodall cuts through the rhetoric and misinformation swirling around this contentious issue–such as the assertion that academics simply don't have the managerial expertise needed to head the world's leading schools–using hard evidence and careful, dispassionate analysis. She shows precisely why experts need leaders who are experts like themselves. Goodall draws from the latest data on the world's premier research universities along with in-depth interviews with top university leaders both past and present, including University of Pennsylvania President Amy Gutmann; Derek Bok and Lawrence Summers, former presidents of Harvard University; John Hood, former vice chancellor of the University of Oxford; Cornell University President David Skorton; and many others. Goodall explains why the most effective leaders are those who have deep expertise in what their organizations actually do. Her findings carry broad implications for the management of higher education, and she demonstrates that the same fundamental principle holds true for other important business sectors as well. Experts, not managers, make the best leaders. Read "Socrates in the Boardroom" and learn why.   [More]  Descriptors: Research Universities, College Administration, Leadership, Expertise

Collier, Anne (2009). A Better Safety Net: It's Time to Get Smart about Online Safety, School Library Journal. Online safety is obsolete. A concept little changed since the 1990s, it's one size fits all, emphasizing fear instead of facts, with young people stereotyped as potential victims in a hostile media environment. It's past time for Online Safety 3.0. Why 3.0? Previous versions–1.0 and 2.0–focused on inappropriate content, adult-to-child crime, and flat-out misinformation about youth risk and social media. While more recently the concept began to factor in peer-to-peer safety issues such as cyberbullying, people still failed to recognize youth agency: young people as stakeholders in their own welfare as well as the community's. The author suggests that online safety must be relevant to youth. It must accommodate the growing body of research on youth risk and what kids themselves say about how they use digital media, and it must be respectful–of both young people and the new media conditions they are ably exploiting. The author advocates for integrating new media literacy and digital citizenship, version 3.0's main components, into the learning experience, from the informal kind that happens outside school to within K-12 libraries and classrooms, and to teachable moments with peers, parents, administrators, and whole communities. Literacy and citizenship training represent the baseline, primary prevention work that may help curb impulsive behavior, ease manipulation, and fuel rational discussion among young people and between generations. And it's what librarians do best.   [More]  Descriptors: Peer Relationship, Computer Mediated Communication, Safety, Prevention

Langerbein, Helmut (2009). Great Blunders?: The Great Wall of China, the Berlin Wall, and the Proposed United States/Mexico Border Fence, History Teacher. This article presents an analysis of the Great Wall of China and the Berlin Wall which reveals that both grew from unique political, historical, geographical, cultural, and economic circumstances. The purpose of this article is to provide new arguments for a debate that all too often has been waged with emotions, polemics, and misinformation. The idea for this article evolved from discussions with colleagues and students who have asked the author on his opinion on the Berlin Wall and the proposed United States/Mexico border fence. This article could be useful for a variety of teaching activities in World History and United States History survey courses. It provides a starting point for evaluating the arguments for and against the wall under construction across the southwestern United States. It offers a basis for demonstrating how knowledge of the past and a historical perspective are invaluable for formulating questions about the present and making a whole range of political, economic, and cultural decisions. Furthermore, the article provides a set of case studies for asking questions about the self-perception of civilizations and how they chose to defend themselves from internal and external threats.   [More]  Descriptors: World History, United States History, Introductory Courses, Foreign Countries

Taylor, Christy Marie (2013). Language and Nutrition (Mis)Information: Food Labels, FDA Policies and Meaning, ProQuest LLC. In this dissertation, I address the ways in which food manufacturers can exploit the often vague and ambiguous nature of FDA policies concerning language and images used on food labels. Employing qualitative analysis methods (Strauss, 1987; Denzin and Lincoln, 2003; Mackey and Gass, 2005) that drew upon critical discourse analysis (Fairclough, 1989, 1992, 1995, 2003; Fairclough and Wodak, 1997) semiotic analysis (van Leeuwen, 2005; Danesi, 2002, 2007) and advertising as a discourse genre (Myers, 1999; Cook, 2001; Johnson, 2008), I analyzed FDA policies, photographs of food labels, media articles and definitions provided by on-line dictionaries and surveys to explore the consequences of this phenomenon. In addition to the production of vague and misleading food labels that may promote negative health outcomes, this process impacts the semantic evolution of key labeling terms. Innovative use of common lexical items is not merely a way of influencing consumer choices. I describe the ways in which language used on food labels impacts the direction and the rate of semantic evolution of key terms. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:   [More]  Descriptors: Nutrition, Language Usage, Public Policy, Public Agencies

Worsham, Heather; Diepenbrok, Lauren (2013). Evaluating Scientific Content: Misinformation about Insects in a Popular Children's Movie, American Biology Teacher. An evaluation of the scientific content in a popular children's movie about bees provides an opportunity for discussion about the sources and consequences of scientific misconceptions.   [More]  Descriptors: Entomology, Misconceptions, Scientific Concepts, Films

Lindstrom, Joyce; Rasch, Katherine D. (2003). Transfer Issues in Preservice Undergraduate Teacher Education Programs, New Directions for Community Colleges. States that the national teacher shortage has made it imperative for two- and four-year colleges to collaborate in facilitating transfer of education majors. Warns that the current upheaval leaves administrators, faculty, and advisers unsure of the latest information. Adds that students are vulnerable to misinformation, unsatisfactory advising, and unnecessary repetition of courses or course content. (Contains 11 references.)   [More]  Descriptors: Articulation (Education), College Role, College Transfer Students, Community Colleges

Chronicle of Higher Education (2007). Michael Gorman vs. Web 2.0. In a much-discussed series of postings on the Encyclopaedia Britannica Online Web site, Michael Gorman, former president of the American Library Association and the recently retired dean of library services at California State University at Fresno, argues that the "often-anarchic world of the Internet" is saturating people's culture with a "tide of credulity and misinformation" that is rapidly eroding traditional "respect for authenticity and expertise in all scholarly, research, and educational endeavors." At the center of this menace are collaborative online services and user-generated sites like Slashdot, Digg, MySpace, Blogger, and YouTube, which, in Gorman's opinion, are ushering in "a world in which everyone is an expert in a world devoid of expertise." This article presents comments from several people against Gorman's contention.   [More]  Descriptors: Librarians, Internet, Web Sites, Criticism

Hawkins, B. Denise (2011). The Unfinished Race, Diverse: Issues in Higher Education. In this article, the author profiles Dolores E. Cross, who, during her more than 30-year academic career, has advocated for multicultural education, championed equal education access for all students, and blazed trails as the first African-American female president of Chicago State University and the first female president of Morris Brown College. For Cross, the college president, life as she knew it ended four years ago this month when she was fined and sentenced to a year of house arrest, 500 hours of community service, and five years of probation on charges related to financial irregularities at Morris Brown. As Cross would come to realize, that life began its ebb in 1998, when she said "yes" to leading the historically Black college. In her new memoir, "Beyond the Wall," Cross tells the tale of her impoverished youth in Newark, New Jersey, the unrelenting pursuit to educate herself, her ascent to university administration, and her eventual descent. The veteran marathoner takes refuge in a runner's vocabulary. "Marathons" serve as metaphors for Cross' constant race against the clock to fix Morris Brown, but she would eventually "hit the wall"–the place she says runners never want to find themselves–when she was indicted on 27 counts of fraud. "Beyond the Wall" is Cross' side of the story and her attempt to quell the rumors and dismantle media misinformation. In a recent telephone interview from her Chicago condo, frustration still fills Cross' voice as she recounts the myriad news stories and outlets that "wrongly reported" that she embezzled student financial aid funds and conspired to commit fraud while at Morris Brown. Still, in "Beyond the Wall," most of the finger pointing about Cross' tenure and downfall at Morris Brown is at herself.   [More]  Descriptors: Multicultural Education, Equal Education, Black Colleges, College Administration

Crates, Cheryl (2009). Million Dollar Busing: Saving Money through Privatization, School Business Affairs. The economic crisis has had–and will continue to have–a dramatic effect on tax revenue and education spending throughout the United States and beyond. Yet children still show up for school every day in need of an education. In times like these, educators and school business managers must be as committed as ever to providing it. The economic pressures are all too familiar to District 300, one of Illinois's largest public school districts, located northwest of Chicago. Privatizing school bus transportation became a hot topic among school administrators and parents, in the board room and in the supermarket. District 300 researched common myths about privatization and discovered that many of these concerns stemmed from misinformation about outsourcing school bus transportation. Surveys show that school administrators can spend up to a third of their time managing an in-house transportation program, and their experience was no different. Outsourcing is a proven solution for more than 30% of the nation's school districts, giving schools the opportunity to free up their time and energy for their primary responsibility–providing the highest-quality education for students. With these considerations in mind, District 300 took the step that promises to save millions of dollars and went out to bid. The district eventually awarded a three-year contract beginning in 2007. It was–and it remains–the right choice for the school district.   [More]   [More]  Descriptors: School Buses, Privatization, Taxes, Bus Transportation

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