Bibliography: Misinformation (page 12 of 30)

This annotated bibliography is compiled and customized for the Alternative Facts website.  Some of the authors featured on this page include Carolina Mega, Amy T. Surmann, Laura Angelini, Tim Gelhaar, Wolfgang Schneider, Richard J. Baker, Simona Ghetti, Jennifer Stuber, Eric G. Benotsch, and Claudia M. Roebers.

Somers, Cheryl L.; Surmann, Amy T. (2004). Adolescents' Preferences for Source of Sex Education, Child Study Journal. The primary purposes of this study were to examine what adolescents' identify as their preferred sources of sexual education (e.g., peers, family, school, media, professionals, etc.) about various topics, and whether patterns varied for each gender, race, grade, and economic group. Participants were 672 adolescents of both genders, three race/ethnicities, and varied economics and geography. Overall, parents were clearly the preferred source of sex education by this diverse sample of adolescents. Next preferred were school and peers. Media, siblings, and self were not generally endorsed as preferred sources of sex education. Slight variations by demographic groups were observed. Implications for parental education about and comfort in discussing important issues are discussed. The implications of misinformation from such sources as media and peers are also discussed. Descriptors: Secondary School Students, Adolescents, Gender Differences, Student Attitudes

Richman, Alice (2005). Human Papillomavirus: A Catalyst to a Killer, American Journal of Health Education. Genital human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most prevalent and widespread sexually transmitted disease and is responsible for almost all cases of cervical cancer worldwide. However, HPV has received little public health attention, is not a reportable STD, and often is absent from the repertoire of STDs. In addition, there is pervasive misinformation about HPV among health care providers, professionals, patients and the public. This paper provides a comprehensive literature review of HPV by 1) addressing important epidemiological issues such as HPV prevalence, contraction, symptoms, transmission, detection, prevention, screening and treatment, 2) addressing specific gaps in the literature and 3) addressing future steps that can be taken among public health agencies, health care professionals, health educators and the general public to ensure HPV prevention, detection and treatment. (Contains 1 figure.   [More]   [More]  Descriptors: Prevention, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Public Health, Cancer

Baker, Richard J. (1973). Drug Education: Is It Doing Any Good?, Education Digest: Essential Readings Condensed for Quick Review. Article focuses on the dearth of misinformation on drug education and suggests programs designed to correct the problem. Descriptors: Curriculum Development, Drug Abuse, Drug Addiction, Educational Researchers

Godwin-Jones, Robert (2004). Language in Action: From Webquests to Virtual Realities, Language Learning & Technology. English is the lingua franca of the Internet and as a consequence the World Wide Web offers a rich bounty for ESL and EFL teachers and learners. It also represents a vast repository of misinformation, poor language use, and potentially offensive material. There are any number of possible approaches to avoiding the pitfalls of the Internet while exploiting efficiently its resources and connectivity for language learning. We will focus in this column on some of the methods pioneered particularly by ESL professionals such as Webquests, MOOs, and chatterbots, as well as some recent innovations made possible by advances in mobile technology. The emphasis throughout will be on technology uses which place language learners in the role of active participants and the teacher in that of facilitator.   [More]  Descriptors: Internet, English (Second Language), Teaching Methods, Second Language Learning

Altholz, Suzanne; Golensky, Martha (2004). Counseling, Support, and Advocacy for Clients Who Stutter, Health and Social Work. Fluency disorders are communicative disabilities that can lead to psychosocial and emotional issues. The most prevalent of these disorders is stuttering. People who stutter may cope with stigmatization and discrimination throughout their lives as a result of misconceptions and misinformation about the disability's etiology and manifestations. Mental health professionals have contributed to these negative experiences by their lack of knowledge about stuttering. This article provides information on the physical, psychological, and social causal factors and implications of fluency disorders, so that social workers can engage in ethical practice to alleviate the mental anguish of their clients who stutter and enable them to reach their full potential. An advocacy role with other professionals, such as educators and speech-language pathologists, is described. Descriptors: Misconceptions, Etiology, Speech Language Pathology, Social Work

Viadero, Debra (2007). ADHD Experts Fear Brain-Growth Study Being Misconstrued, Education Week. This article reports on the results of a groundbreaking brain-imaging study suggesting that attention deficit hyperactivity disorder stems from delayed brain maturation. Implicit in some of the news coverage was the hopeful idea that many–even most–children eventually grow out of the disorder. But that's not exactly true, according to a researcher who led the brain-imaging study and other experts. Experts fear that potential misinformation about the disorder will cause clinicians, parents, and educators to take a wait-and-see approach with students who have ADHD, rather than tackle the problem head-on. "This wasn't showing that brains catch up and become completely normalized," said Dr. Philip Shaw, the lead researcher, referring to the new findings. "There are still lots of very important differences." He stressed that two-thirds of children will still have symptoms as adults. Dr. Shaw also cautions against pairing the NIMH findings with a study of children with behavior problems, which some coverage has done.   [More]  Descriptors: Brain, Developmental Delays, Researchers, Behavior Problems

Roebers, Claudia M.; Gelhaar, Tim; Schneider, Wolfgang (2004). "It's Magic!" the Effects of Presentation Modality on Children's Event Memory, Suggestibility, and Confidence Judgments, Journal of Experimental Child Psychology. The current study investigated the influence of presentation modality (live, video, and slide show) on children's memory, suggestibility, recognition, and metamemorial monitoring processes. A total of 270 children in three age groups (5- and 6-year-olds, 7- and 8-year-olds, and 9- and 10-year-olds) watched a magic show and were questioned about it 1 week later. The live show yielded more correct answers to nonleading questions, higher resistance to misleading questions, and better recognition memory than did the video condition, which in turn resulted in better performance than did the slide show. Although presentation modality raised the general level of memory performance, the effects were equally strong in all age groups and did not affect memory phenomena such as the size of the misinformation effect and confidence judgments.   [More]  Descriptors: Recognition (Psychology), Recall (Psychology), Videotape Recordings, Self Concept

Stuber, Jennifer; Kronebusch, Karl (2004). Stigma and Other Determinants of Participation in TANF and Medicaid, Journal of Policy Analysis and Management. We developed a conceptual framework to examine the association between stigma, enrollment barriers (e.g., difficult application), knowledge, state policy, and participation in the Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) and adult Medicaid programs. Survey data from 901 community health center patients, who were potential and actual participants in these programs, indicated that while images of the Medicaid program and its recipients were generally positive, stigma associated with welfare stereotypes reduced both TANF and Medicaid enrollment. Expectations of poor treatment when applying for Medicaid, enrollment barriers, and misinformation about program rules were also associated with reduced Medicaid enrollment. States that enacted strict welfare reform policies were potentially decreasing TANF participation, while states with more simplified and generous programs were potentially increasing Medicaid participation. The results suggest that the image of the adult Medicaid program remains tied to perceptions about welfare and provides guidance to policymakers about how to improve participation rates.   [More]  Descriptors: Patients, Welfare Services, Welfare Recipients, Program Attitudes

Benotsch, Eric G.; Kalichman, Seth; Weinhardt, Lance S. (2004). HIV-AIDS Patients' Evaluation of Health Information on the Internet: The Digital Divide and Vulnerability to Fraudulent Claims, Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. Access to health information on the Internet has revolutionized how medical patients learn about their illnesses. Valuable information can be found online; however, many health Web sites contain inaccurate or misleading information. The authors surveyed 324 adults with HIV concerning their Internet use for obtaining health information. Health information found online was then rated for quality by participants and by medical professionals. Participants were less critical of health information found online than medical professionals and made smaller distinctions between high-quality and low-quality information. Assigning credibility to low-quality information was predicted by lower incomes and educational attainment, poorer reading comprehension, lower literacy levels, and irrational health beliefs. Results suggest that patients do not always evaluate online information critically and may be vulnerable to misinformation.   [More]  Descriptors: Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Communicable Diseases, Patients, Internet

Ghetti, Simona; Papini, Silvia; Angelini, Laura (2006). The Development of the Memorability-Based Strategy: Insight from a Training Study, Journal of Experimental Child Psychology. We investigated whether the memorability-based strategy, a process supporting the rejection of nonexperienced event occurrence, could be promoted through training. The performance of children who received memorability-based training was compared with that of (a) children who received source-monitoring training and (b) children who did not receive any specific training but were instructed to be as accurate as possible. Participants (142 6- to 10-year-olds) enacted common and bizarre actions. Eighteen days later, participants received misinformation about the first session. Five days after being misinformed, children were questioned about the first session. Compared with children in the no training condition, those in both training conditions reported significantly more true events, but only older children who received the memorability-based training were more likely to reject bizarre suggested events. Age interacted with action type when metacognitive assessments about false event rejection were examined, consistent with the idea that the use of the memorability-based strategy develops late during the elementary school years.   [More]  Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Age Differences, Memory, Child Development

David, Gary C.; Ayouby, Kenneth K. (2005). Studying the Exotic Other in the Classroom: The Portrayal of Arab Americans in Educational Source Materials, Multicultural Perspectives. This article examines a sample of educational source materials meant to be used to foster the inclusion of Arab American components in multicultural curriculum. Even though the materials examined can be thought of as good sources (in that they did not provide outright biased misinformation), the authors identify three general areas of concern: (a) conflating, (b) essentializing, and (c) normalizing. Conclusions and recommendations include the need for more focused source material on limited subject areas, focused curriculum development on particular cultural groups, and the use of multicultural materials to promote cultural self-reflection rather than emphasizing the objectification of other groups. Although the focus of this article is on Arab American source materials, our findings can be generalized to source materials on other cultural and ethnic groups.   [More]  Descriptors: Curriculum Development, Multicultural Education, Arabs, North Americans

Elgin, Suzette Haden (1976). Why "Newsweek" Can't Tell Us Why Johnny Can't Write, English Journal. Describes some of the linguistic misinformation presented in a recent magazine article on the teaching of writing. Descriptors: Educational Theories, English Instruction, Linguistics, Periodicals

Gobbo, Camilla; Mega, Carolina; Pipe, Margaret-Ellen (2002). Does the Nature of the Experience Influence Suggestibility? A Study of Children's Event Memory, Journal of Experimental Child Psychology. Two experiments examined effects of event modality on young children's memory and suggestibility. Findings indicated that 5-year-olds were more accurate than 3-year-olds and those participating in the event were more accurate than those either observing or listening to a narrative. Assessment method, level of event learning, delay to testing, and variables relating to the misled items influenced misinformation effects. Descriptors: Age Differences, Cognitive Development, Evaluation, Memory

Zarate, Maria Estela; Pachon, Harry P. (2006). Perceptions of College Financial Aid among California Latino Youth. Policy Brief, Tomas Rivera Policy Institute. The Tomas Rivera Policy Institute (TRPI) survey of California Latino youth perceptions of college financial aid reveals: (1) Ninety-eight percent of respondents felt it was important to have a college education; (2) Thirty-eight percent of respondents did not feel the benefits of college outweigh the costs; (3) Not being able to work and incurring debt were the opportunity costs associated with going to college; (4) Over half of all respondents erroneously thought students have to be U.S. citizens to apply for college financial aid; (5) Few respondents could accurately estimate the cost of attending either the University of California or the California State University; and (6) There is a lack of familiarity with government grants for education. Three major policy implications are identified: (1) Delivery of translated financial aid information is not sufficient; (2) Misperceptions about the affordability of college need to be addressed; and (3) Greater awareness about government loan and grant programs is needed. The report concludes that a high number of qualified, potential Latino college students will continue to miss out on the opportunity to pursue higher education unless action is taken to address misinformation and misperceptions about financial aid eligibility and college costs.   [More]  Descriptors: Familiarity, Student Financial Aid, Paying for College, Grants

Sutherland, Rachel; Hayne, Harlene (2001). Age-Related Changes in the Misinformation Effect, Journal of Experimental Child Psychology. Two experiments examined relation between age-related changes in retention and age-related changes in the misinformation effect. Found large age-related retention differences when participants were interviewed immediately and after 1 day, but after 6 weeks, differences were minimal. Exposure to misleading information increased commission errors. Children were more likely than adults to incorporate misleading postevent information into subsequent verbal accounts. Descriptors: Adults, Age Differences, Children, Cognitive Development

Share on FacebookPin on PinterestShare on Google+Tweet about this on TwitterEmail this to someone

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *