Bibliography: Misinformation (page 19 of 30)

This annotated bibliography is compiled and customized for the Alternative Facts website.  Some of the authors featured on this page include Margaret Leitch Copeland, Frank J. Sparzo, Beverly Wright, Carolyn Zerbe Enns, Randall B. Yates, John R. Saddlemire, Emiliano Gonzalez, Paul Craig Roberts, Earl H. Kinmonth, and Jr. Born.

Kinmonth, Earl H. (1986). Engineering Education and Its Rewards in the United States and Japan, Comparative Education Review. Contrary to misinformation circulating in the United States, the United States has more engineers absolutely and relatively than does Japan; and U.S. engineers have higher relative income and status than their Japanese counterparts. Compares U.S. and Japanese enrollments in engineering education, curriculum content, engineers' earnings relative to other occupations, and career paths to managerial positions. Descriptors: Comparative Education, Degree Requirements, Educational Status Comparison, Engineering Education

Enns, Carolyn Zerbe (1996). Counselors and the Backlash: "Rape Hype" and "False-Memory Syndrome.", Journal of Counseling & Development. Describes the "syndromes" of "rape hype" and "false memory" and corrects misinformation associated with these labels. It describes common themes that permeate both issues and suggests ways in which counselors can respond effectively to the public and professional debate about these concerns. Descriptors: College Students, Counselors, Females, Sexual Abuse

Roberts, Paul Craig (1990). Reaganomics: Myth and Reality, Perspectives on Political Science. Analyzes Reagan's foreign economic policy, and presents reasons for the misinformation surrounding Reaganomics. Outlines the Reagan administration's economic goals, including a discussion of the U.S. trade deficit and attempts to remedy it. Addresses criticisms launched against Reagan's economic policy, and provides cross-country data on budget deficits and federal debt as a share of the GNP. Descriptors: Capitalism, Economic Development, Economics, Federal Government

D'Emilio, John (1990). The Campus Environment for Gay and Lesbian Life, Academe. If one's reference point is university life a generation ago, one can say that things are getting better for gay faculty, students, administrators, and staff. College administrators need to take an activist stance to counteract misinformation about gays and cultural prejudices, and the growing problem of hate-motivated incidents. Descriptors: Civil Liberties, Feminism, Higher Education, Homosexuality

Copeland, Margaret Leitch (1996). Code Blue! Establishing a Child Care Emergency Plan, Child Care Information Exchange. Discusses steps necessary to develop an emergency preparedness plan for child care centers: (1) identifying the need for policies through brainstorming and reviewing previous emergencies; (2) identifying potential issues through consultation; (3) establishing center procedures; (4) identifying a spokesperson to present accurate public information; (5) preparing statements to prevent misinformation; and (6) preparing for ongoing support after the emergency. Descriptors: Day Care, Day Care Centers, Early Childhood Education, Emergency Programs

Saddlemire, John R. (1996). Qualitative Study of White Second-Semester Undergraduates' Attitudes toward African American Undergraduates at a Predominantly White University, Journal of College Student Development. Examines racial attitudes at a predominantly white university. White undergraduate interviewees had little contact with or understanding of black undergraduates. Their thoughts and impressions of blacks were based on misinformation or a lack of information. Many felt whites should not be held culpable for presumed wrongs due to past discrimination. Descriptors: Black Stereotypes, Blacks, College Environment, College Freshmen

Gonzalez, Emiliano (1994). Review of "Learning in Two Worlds: An Integrated Spanish/English Biliteracy Approach," by B. Perez & M. Torres-Guzman, Bilingual Research Journal. Reviews a book that provides an understanding of the lives of individuals living in two cultural worlds, while at the same time defusing misinformation and skepticism concerning bilingual approaches to education. The book offers many theoretical and practical classroom suggestions as it advocates strengthening first-language literacy in order to support second-language acquisition and the development of true biliteracy. Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Bilingualism, Book Reviews, Culturally Relevant Education

Humm, Andy; Kunreuther, Frances (1991). The Invisible Epidemic: Teenagers and AIDS, Social Policy. Discusses the alarming spread of AIDS among teenagers, virtually ignored until recently. Discusses reasons why adolescents are at high risk, including misinformation and denial about who can contract the AIDS virus. Addresses the recent controversy over AIDS education and condom distribution in the public schools and suggests ways to better reach teenagers. Descriptors: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, Adolescents, At Risk Persons, Condoms

Wright, Beverly; Yates, Randall B. (1989). AIDS and Homophobia: A Perspective for AIDS Educators, Feminist Teacher. Maintains that effective Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) education cannot be separated from homophobia, and offers guidelines for dealing with homophobia in the classroom. Points out that AIDS misinformation often results from homophobic attitudes. Provides questions that educators can ask themselves to challenge their own attitudes, and suggests ways to enlighten student attitudes. Descriptors: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, Attitude Change, Controversial Issues (Course Content), Disease Control

Slutsky, Bette (1980). Alternatives to the Standard Biology Course, New Directions for Community Colleges. Discusses the content and objectives of a course on women's sexuality offered at the City College of Chicago as an alternative to the general education biology course. Examines the value of the course in dispelling misinformation about and ignorance of female physiology.   [More]  Descriptors: Biology, Community Colleges, Course Content, Course Objectives

Gross, Leon J. (1994). Logical versus Empirical Guidelines for Writing Test Items: The Case of "None of the Above.", Evaluation and the Health Professions. The use of the "none of the above" (NOTA) option in test items is explored. Empirical research on use of this option is obscuring the fact that, when NOTA is the correct answer, it can reward examinees with serious knowledge deficiencies or misinformation. This option should not be used. Descriptors: Distractors (Tests), Guides, Item Analysis, Knowledge Level

Born, Jr., John (1978). George Washington: The Academicians and the Student: An Evaluation, Community College Social Science Journal. Compares results of a questionnaire given to American history students in 1972 and 1975 to determine the extent of students' knowledge of and interest in George Washington. Reports a greater amount of misinformation and lack of information among 1975 respondents.   [More]  Descriptors: Community Colleges, Educational Background, History Instruction, Knowledge Level

Sparzo, Frank J. (1992). B.F. Skinner's Contributions to Education: A Retrospective Appreciation, Contemporary Education. A summary of B.F. Skinner's work presents background information and examples of the great amount of misinformation about the work. The article discusses areas in which Skinner made major contributions to education (consequences, A-B-C analysis, rate of response, explanatory fictions, verbal behavior, programed instruction, social criticism, and practical applications). Descriptors: Behaviorism, Educational Change, Elementary Secondary Education, Individual Psychology

Jackson, Shirley (1991). The Significance of the African Historical Contribution and Foreign Language Study in Higher Education, Journal of Caribbean Studies. Discusses the benefits of incorporating African-Caribbean contributions to U.S. history and culture at the level of higher education, such as promoting global interconnectedness, correcting misinformation about African Americans, recognizing and profiting from knowledge acquired by ancient civilizations, and strengthening economic competitiveness. Descriptors: African History, African Studies, Cultural Awareness, Curriculum Development

Losee, Robert M. (1997). A Discipline Independent Definition of Information, Journal of the American Society for Information Science. Examines definitions of information and highlights a definition that is independent of any specific discipline. Topics include processes; a hierarchical model of information transmission; information representation; information theory; belief and knowledge; and errors, misinformation, and bad data. (67 references) Descriptors: Cognitive Structures, Information Science, Information Theory, Intellectual Disciplines

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