Bibliography: Propaganda (page 62 of 66)

This bibliography is reformatted and customized for the Alternative Facts website. Some of the authors featured on this page include Robert L. Nwankwo, H. A. I. Goonetileke, John McMurty, Wynell B. Schamel, JINDRA KULICH, Robin W. Winks, Penelope L. Richardson, Daniel Dieterich, Jose Barreiro, and James E. Haefner.

Winks, Robin W. (1995). Lying to Ourselves, Humanities. Discusses the historical validity of "The Hitler Diaries" and other historical forgeries. Maintains that forgeries and other hoaxes will continue to be part of human history. Questions why many people seem to need "historical revelations." Descriptors: Autobiographies, Credibility, Cultural Traits, Deception

Francke, Warren T. (1978). The Mass Communication "Theories" of the Muckrakers. While muckrakers such as Upton Sinclair, Ernest Poole, Thomas Lawson, and others chose individual approaches for their investigative reporting to the public, they shared some common assumptions about mass communication that influenced the operative impact of their views. In addition to adhering to a simplistic belief in the power of bare facts, these writers calculated the receptivity of their audiences, searched for the prime conditions to present their messages, and measured reader response according to indexes they devised themselves. Effective strategies included sarcasm in praising those who voted for dishonest politicians, pretended innocence in conveying startling facts, a tombstone photograph for a patent medicine fraud expose, and emotion-packed descriptions and insinuations. The muckraker studied public opinion, frequently commenting on its power and abuses, on how to predict it and how to measure it; the ultimate goal in investigative reporting was effecting a change in American society. Response was solicited directly, through requests for letters of complaint to the company or government agency responsible for the problem and through the endorsements of readers by increased circulation of the magazine or newspaper that printed the report. Descriptors: Attitude Change, Audiences, Change Strategies, Communication (Thought Transfer)

Dieterich, Daniel, Ed. (1976). Teaching About Doublespeak. The majority of the 24 essays in this book describe successful units, classes, or courses on the misuse of public language, while others suggest specific techniques for studying doublespeak or discuss theoretical frameworks for approaching the study of doublespeak. The first section of the book deals with the theory behind the study of doublespeak, and the second section contains material suitable for classroom use at more than one level. The last three sections include material for the study of doublespeak at each of three educational levels–elementary, secondary, and college. The essays will provide practical help for teachers guiding students in learning to deal with the doublespeak they encounter in advertising, governmental and political announcements, and other messages transmitted through the mass media. Descriptors: Communication (Thought Transfer), Critical Thinking, Elementary Secondary Education, Higher Education

Robinson, Ian (1973). The Survival of English: Essays in Criticism of Language. This critical examination of the condition of the English language used in Britian today raises questions about the language with which society expresses its concerns. It analyzes the language used in contemporary England for religion, politics, serious journalism, love, and literature. Included is an account of the committee-language of the New English Bible and the experimental liturgies, pointing out ways in which ideas are altered by language. The language of politicians who sell themselves and their policies to an electorate of consumers is analyzed, as is the language of "The Times," which serves as a symbol of the decline of the nation at large. An extensive section of the book is devoted to a discussion of the rise in pornographic materials that accompanies a decline in literature and language which expresses love. The seven critical essays contained in this volume include: "Introductory: Language and Life,""Religious English,""English and the Art of the Possible,""The Vulgarization of The Times,""Notes on the Language of Love: 1, the Definition of Pornography,""Notes on the Language of Love: 2, Where Have All the Demons Gone?" and "Anarchy and Criticism." Descriptors: English, English Literature, Essays, Higher Education

Richardson, Penelope L. (1979). Lifelong Learning and Politics, Convergence: An International Journal of Adult Education. States that community colleges are in a good position to be centers of lifelong education and that adult educators must engage in politics in order to promote learning opportunities for adults. Suggests legislative, administrative, judicial, and electoral strategies for adult educators to use in influencing policymakers to support lifelong education.   [More]  Descriptors: Adult Education, Adult Educators, College Role, Community Colleges

McMurty, John (1997). The Global-Market Doctrine: A Study in Fundamentalist Theology. The Iconoclast, Canadian Social Studies. Presents an interesting metaphorical critique of the current enthusiasm for the global market and the free market system. Delineates 10 defining principles of a fundamentalist theological doctrine and then suggests replacing the term "global market" with "Supreme Ruler." Criticizes free market capitalism as being occasionally irrational and contradictory. Descriptors: Capitalism, Criticism, Economic Factors, Economic Impact

Durrant, Lynne H.; And Others (1994). This Bud's Not for You: Adolescents' Perceptions of Beer and Cigarette Magazine Advertisements, Health Educator. To determine whether new (1990s) cigarette and beer magazine advertisements target young adolescents by using younger-looking models than in the 1960s, sixth and seventh graders viewed advertisements and estimated models' ages. Most students perceived the 1990s models to be under 25 and the 1960s models to be over 25 years of age. Descriptors: Adolescents, Advertising, Drinking, Intermediate Grades

Nwankwo, Robert L. (1973). The Mass Media and Political Culture in Africa. Editorials in the "West African Pilot", an English-language newspaper published in Lagos, for the years 1945, 1957, 1960, and 1963 (years of crucial importance to Nigeria) were studied to determine the effects of modernity, tradition, fluctuating socioeconomic conditions, and particularly political influences exerted on the press. Each editorial was coded according to its contextual, societal, socio-concept, and evaluative orientation. Most of the editorials treated national/regional issues, politics, and individual persons and groups, and reflected an "official" version of political and social conditions. Assuming the "Pilot" to be representative of the African press, results of this study show that the medium is characterized more by feeling, sensation, and intuition than by critical thinking.   [More]  Descriptors: Developing Nations, Field Studies, Government Role, Information Dissemination

Haverkamp, Beth; Schamel, Wynell B. (1994). Fire Prevention Posters: The Story of Smokey Bear. Teaching with Documents, Social Education. Contends that, despite increasingly sophisticated means of communication, posters remain a powerful cornerstone of many government advertising campaigns. Describes the beginnings and evolution of Smokey Bear from a World War II homefront poster to an ongoing advertising success. Descriptors: Advertising, Class Activities, Educational Strategies, Elementary Secondary Education

Goonetileke, H. A. I., Comp.; And Others (1978). Mass Communication in Sri Lanka: An Annotated Bibliography. Asian Mass Communication Bibliography Series 9. Published and unpublished materials dealing with the multidisciplinary field of mass communication in Sri Lanka are listed in this bibliography. The 362 entries are grouped into 20 sections: bibliography and reference material; communication theory and research methods; general communication; media development and characteristics; newspapers; print media; broadcast media; film; audiovisual media; traditional media (dance, drama, mime, storytelling, and puppetry as means of communication); news agencies; mass communication law; communication in development; communication teaching and training; mass media in formal education; advertising, marketing, public relations, and management; government communication; social contexts of the media; communication technology; and mass communication periodicals. An author index is included. Descriptors: Annotated Bibliographies, Audiovisual Communications, Communication (Thought Transfer), Communications

Barreiro, Jose (1990). View from the Shore: Toward an Indian Voice in 1992, Northeast Indian Quarterly. Reviews plans in Spain and the Americas for observances of the 1992 Columbus Quincentenary. Reflects on Indian responses to these observances and resistance to the notion of America's "discovery." Includes testimonies from Indian voices: N. Scott Momaday, Suzan Shown Harjo, Beverly Singer, Ladonna Harris, Rayna Green, and Tim Coulter. Descriptors: American Indian History, American Indians, Cultural Images, Culture Conflict

KULICH, JINDRA (1967). THE ROLE AND TRAINING OF ADULT EDUCATORS IN CZECHOSLOVAKIA. THE ORGANIZATION, MANAGEMENT, FORM, AND CONTENT OF THE UNIQUE STANDARD NATIONAL TRAINING SYSTEM FOR ADULT EDUCATORS IN CZECHOSLOVAKIA AND THE ROLE OF THE ADULT EDUCATOR IN THE COMMUNIST STATE ARE EXAMINED IN THIS STUDY. FULL-TIME ADULT EDUCATORS ARE TRAINED AT BOTH THE UNIVERSITY AND SECONDARY TECHNICAL LEVELS. THREE UNIVERSITIES AND THREE SECONDARY LIBRARIANSHIP SCHOOLS HAVE FULL DEPARTMENTS OF ADULT EDUCATION OFFERING FULL-TIME AND EXTRA-MURAL PROGRAMS IN GENERAL AND ADULT EDUCATION AND RELATED FIELDS. QUALIFICATIONS FOR FULL-TIME ADULT EDUCATORS ARE PRESCRIBED BY THE CENTRAL PLANNING AUTHORITIES BUT ACTUAL QUALIFICATIONS OFTEN DO NOT CORRESPOND TO THE REQUIRED STANDARD. VOLUNTEERS ARE TRAINED IN A STANDARD BASIC ADULT EDUCATION COURSE AND ADVANCED COURSES HAVE BEEN ESTABLISHED ON AN EXPERIMENTAL BASIS. THE PREPARATION OF YOUNG INTELLIGENTSIA TO SERVE AS VOLUNTEERS IS EMPHASIZED. THE DEVELOPMENT OF RESEARCH IN ADULT EDUCATION SUFFERED A SERIOUS SETBACK BETWEEN 1950-1956 BUT SINCE 1958 HAS BEEN REVITALIZED. RECENT DEVELOPMENTS INDICATE INCREASING PROFESSIONALISM IN THE FIELD. THIS MASTERS THESIS IS PUBLISHED BY, AND IS AVAILABLE FROM, THE PUBLICATIONS CENTRE, UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA, VANCOUVER 8, B.C., FOR $2.50. 138 PAGES. Descriptors: Administrators, Adult Educators, Communism, Comparative Education

Goldsen, Rose K. (1972). Clearing the Air; or How Fares the First Amendment–is it Alive and Well?. Intended for non-professional groups trying to make inputs into the political system but having limited access to the mass media, this manual reviews and criticizes the current status of power in the communications industry, especially in regard to ownership and control of the flow of information. Government/media relations are discussed, particularly the laws pertaining to the use of broadcast media. The emphasis of the manual is on the variety of actions groups can take to gain access to media channels, through advertising, talk shows, panel shows, and invitations to make editorial comments. In addition to a descriptive bibliography the manual also provides Federal Communications Commission (FCC) licensing information and listings of citizens groups lobbying for public rights in broadcasting. Descriptors: Broadcast Industry, Citizen Participation, Community Action, Equal Protection

Haefner, James E.; And Others (1975). The Measurement of Advertising Impact on Children. This study examined the impact on children of two deceptive and two non-deceptive 60-second color commericals inserted in a 25-minute film. The ads were rated as deceptive or non-deceptive by attorneys at the Federal Trade Commission. A total of 102 students aged 11 to 13 and 34 students aged 7 viewed the film with the ads inserted. Pre- and post-questionnaires were administered to all students before and after the film session to determine any changes in acceptance of beliefs contained in the commericials, in attitudes, or in behavioral intentions. The posttest included recall items to indicate whether children attended to the commericals. The pretest for the older children also included items designed to measure family communications. Results indicated high recall of brand for all age groups and little if any relationship between program liking and reaction to the commercials. The children were influenced to change their levels of acceptance of the beliefs contained in the commercials; this effect was weakest in children who came from families which stressed questioning in family communications. Younger children showed shifts in beliefs produced by both deceptive and non-deceptive ads, but older children were persuaded only by one deceptive commercial. No direct impact was found on brand attitudes or on intentions.   [More]  Descriptors: Age Differences, Attention, Attitude Change, Behavior Change

Hawkes, Mark (1995). Educational Technology Dissemination: Its Impact on Learning, Instruction, and Educational Policy. The Council of Great Lakes Governors and GTE North, Inc. developed a partnership titled "Pioneering Partners for Educational Technology" to disseminate innovative educational technologies developed by classroom teachers in eight states of the Great Lakes region. To accomplish this, Pioneering Partners provides a Partnership Summer Summit at which participants' skills in disseminating innovative educational technologies are developed. Evaluation of the initiative focused on providing the Council of Great Lakes Governors and GTE with information regarding the effectiveness of steps taken to spread the use of educational technology. Also, Pioneering Partners seeks to inform policy makers on decisions they face, in order to increase the likelihood that laws favoring technology in schools will be legislated. Most frequently disseminated technologies involved classroom computers; telecommunications technologies; computer labs; and video, laptop, and calculator technologies. The greatest factor in facilitating dissemination was Pioneering Partners materials and support, and the belief that something of value could be done. Rural educators especially indicated that lack of financial resources and technology know-how were the greatest inhibitions to dissemination efforts. Evaluation also assessed the highest level of technology use at adopting sites, and the initiative's influence on local and state education policy. Recommendations include developing a strategy to close the resource gap for rural schools, encouraging quality applications of technology to math and science instruction, using telecommunications as a reporting and evaluation tool, requiring clearly defined goals for student learning, providing scholarly literature to validate educators' experiences in the project and to promote a common language, and providing more support to ensure that dissemination achieves the lasting effect of technology adoption. An appendix contains eight figures.   [More]  Descriptors: Adoption (Ideas), Computer Uses in Education, Corporate Support, Educational Policy

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